We have used swift heavy-ion beam based lithography to create patterned bio-functional surfaces on rutile TiO2 single crystals. The applied lithography method generates a permanent and well defined periodic structure of micrometre sized square holes having nanostructured TiO2 surfaces, presenting different physical and chemical properties compared to the surrounding rutile single crystal surface. On the patterned substrates selective binding of oligonucleotides molecules is possible at the surfaces of the holes. This immobilisation process is only being controlled by UV light exposure. The patterned transparent substrates are compatible with fluorescence detection techniques, are mechanically robust, have a high tolerance to extreme chemical and temperature environments, and apparently do not degrade after ten cycles of use. These qualities make the patterned TiO2 substrates useful for potential biosensor applications.
Selective binding of oligonucleotide on TiO2 surfaces modified by swift heavy ion beam lithography
J. V. Pérez-Girón, M. Hirtz, C. McAtamney, A. P. Bell, J. A. Mas, M. Jaafar, O. de Luis, H. Fuchs, J. Jensen, R. Sanz
Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 339 (2014) 67-74