Magneto-Electronic Properties of HEM
Magnetic and correlated electronic properties in oxides systems are largely governed by exchange interactions, which depend upon the crystal structure, charge state and type of the metal cations that are hybridized with oxygen. In high entropy oxides (HEOs), there are numerous metal-oxygen-metal couples that are possible, which can lead to different and competing magnetic and electronic interactions. Thus the HEO based concept allows to access hitherto uncharted areas in the multicomponent magneto-electronic phase diagram. For instance, vertical exchange bias (VEB) that is typical of where heterogeneous structures is observed in single phase B-site disordered perovskite-HEOs. The VEB can be related to the high chemical disorder of the system stemming from competing magnetic interactions, which result in small ferromagnetic constellations in a predominant antiferromagnetic matrix. Alongside this, interesting magnetic features, such as noncollinearity, spin reorientation transitions, and large coercive fields of up to 2 T at ambient temperature are observed in A-site disordered perovskite-HEOs. These initial studies warrant further research in this directions.
Apart from the composition based property tailoring approach, strain-based engineering is also be employed in this research topic. HEOs are known to exhibit distinct inherent local distortions, which can be correlated to their physical properties. On top of that external strains can be applied via epitaxial thin film depositions, which will further allow probe the mageto-electronic phase space as a function of strain effects.
Lastly, magnetic properties, in general, are strongly related to the electronic structure and spin degrees of freedom, which in turn are also reflected by their optical characteristics. Therefore, optical properties, such as the band gap energies of the material are used as a quick diagnostic tool to have a preliminary understanding of the electronic structure.
- Magnetic properties of rare-earth and transition metal based perovskite type high entropy oxides R. Witte, A. Sarkar, L. Velasco, R. Kruk, R.A. Brand, B. Eggert, K. Ollefs, E. Weschke, H. Wende, H. Hahn, J. Appl. Phys. 2020, 127, 185109. DOI: 10.1063/5.0004125
- Role of intermediate 4f states in tuning the band structure of high entropy oxides A. Sarkar, B. Eggert, L. Velasco, X. Mu, J. Lill, K. Ollefs, S.S. Bhattacharya, H. Wende, R. Kruk, R.A. Brand, H. Hahn, APL Mater. 2020, 8, 051111. DOI: 10.1063/5.0007944
- High-entropy oxides: An emerging prospect for magnetic rare-earth transition metal perovskites R. Witte, A. Sarkar, R. Kruk, B. Eggert, R.A. Brand, H. Wende, H. Hahn, Phys. Rev. Mater. 2019, 3,034406. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.034406
- Pressure-induced tuning of lattice distortion in a high-entropy oxide B. Cheng, H. Lou, A. Sarkar, Z. Zeng, F. Zhang, X. Chen, L. Tan, V. Prakapenka, E. Greenberg, J. Wen, R. Djenadic, H. Hahn, Q. Zeng, Commun. Chem. 2019, 2, 114. DOI: 10.1038/s42004-019-0216-2
- Multicomponent equiatomic rare earth oxides with a narrow band gap and associated praseodymium multivalency A. Sarkar, C. Loho, L. Velasco, T. Thomas, S. S. Bhattacharya, H. Hahn, R. Djenadic Dalton Trans. 2017, 46, 12167-12176. DOI: 10.1039/C7DT02077E
|Kruk, Robert||robert kruk∂ kit edu||+49 721 608-25916|
|Hahn, Horst||horst hahn∂ kit edu||+49 721 608-26350|
|Brand, Richard||richard brand∂ partner kit edu||+49 721 608-26372|
|Sarkar, Abhishek||abhishek sarkar∂ kit edu||+49 721 608-28830|
|Šepelàk, Vladimir||vladimir sepelak∂ kit edu||+49 721 608-28926|